Description: The Observatory for the Strategic Development of Leiria Region (ODERL) aims at supporting the Economic and Social Council of Leiria Region (GESRL) and it is under responsibility of  CARME (Centro de Investigação Aplicada em Gestão e Economia / Centre of Applied Research in Management and Economics).

The main objective of the Council is to prepare action measures that support the Region in the transition phase in the context of a pandemic, seeking to mitigate the negative impacts of the crisis ahead.

The Observatory intends to support the Council’s decisions, through 3 aspects:

– providing updated information on the socio-economic context in the Leiria Region (through thematic status reports and prospective studies);

– monitoring performance indicators associated with short and medium-term measures;

– acting as a platform to facilitate interaction between R&D+i entities, companies and local authorities.


S4Agro | Soluções Sustentáveis para o Setor Agroindustrial

Members CARME: Ana Sargento

Project Coordinator: Pedro Miguel de Figueiredo Dinis Oliveira Gaspar – Universidade da Beira Interior (UBI)

Partners: Universidade de Évora (UÉvora); Instituto Politécnico de Coimbra (IPC; Instituto Politécnico da Guarda (IPG); Instituto Politécnico de Leiria (IPLeiria); Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo (IPVC); Associação do Cluster Agro-Industrial do Centro (InovCluster)

Project Duration: 24 de abril de 2020 – 23 de abril de 2022

Funding Entities: FEDER

Total funding: 149.485,03€

Description: The S4AGRO project aims to qualify SMEs in the agrifood industry, namely in the following product subsectors : Meat, Horticultural, Dairy products and Bakery/ Pastry products;  for the adoption of innovative and sustainable solutions, which allow to increase their productivity, effectiveness and efficiency at the level of industry 4.0 and circular economy.

Title: YOUNGMOB-Facing youngsters’ mobile addiction through an innovative technological app

Members CARME: Neuza Ribeiro, Susana Rodrigues, Alzira Marques e Luísa Cagica (IPSetúbal)

Project Coordinator: Sonia San-Martin – Universidade de Burgos

External partners: Universitat de Valencia (Spain); Universitat de Burgos (Spain); Gestionet Multimedia, S.L.(Spain);  Colegio Aurelio Gómez Escolar (Spain); Media, Educazione, Comunità (Italy); Center Spirala (Slovenia)

Funding Entities: Erasmus +, Call 2019 Round 1 KA2 – Cooperation for innovation and the exchange of good practices, KA201 – Strategic Partnerships for school education

Description: YOUNGMOB is addressed to deliver practical tools for parents and school teachers to promote a correct use of smartphones and avoid or reduce addictive behaviours; and a set of recommendations also for policy makers to prevent mobile addiction.

Title: Education for the Sustainable Development Goals: diagnoses, perspectives and challenges in Brazilian business schools.

Members CARME: Teresa Eugénio

External partners: Sónia Maria Gomes – Federal University of Baia (Brasil) – Leader

The team brings together 11 researchers and 3 students from several Brazilian institutions such as the Federal Universities of Bahia, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Brasília, Santa Catarina; the Federal Institute of Bahia, the Feira de Santana State University, the Visconde de Cairu Foundation and the Anísio Teixeira Faculty. And Portuguese: Polytechnic Institute of Cávado and
Ave and Polytechnic Institute of Leira.

Funding Entities: CNPq – National Council of Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq), agency of the Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovations and Communications (MCTIC) – Brazil.


The project aims to study the process of training professionals, from the business area, in the Brazilian scenario from 2016 to 2020, in relation to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Through the analysis of their didactic pedagogical possibilities, the study seeks to contribute in the proposition of a methodological approach of teaching in a transforming educational perspective. We hope to obtain theoretical and empirical evidences that, besides providing subsidies for proposing a methodological approach to teaching, may contribute to suggesting the creation of public policies and pedagogical order. It also seeks to incorporate, in the training of professionals of the business area, a concept that broadens the reflexive and critical action of the professional and citizen reality. That promotes the interaction and intervention of sustainable development.

Keywords: Education. Accounting. Administration. Sustainable Development Goals. HEIs Business.

REINOVA – SI (Re-industrialization of the agro-food sector – Sustainability and Innovation)

Members CARME: Eduarda Fernandes (PI) and Susana Rodrigues

Principal Research Unit: CARME – Centre of Applied Research Management and Economics

External partners: IDDNET, ITACyL, Asociación Empresarial Centro Tecnológico Nacional Agroalimentario “Extremadura”, Cámara Oficial de Comercio, Industria y Servicios de Badajoz, OPEN, Vitartis, ADRAL, Cámara Oficial de Comercio, Industria y Servicios de Valladolid, InovCluster, Instituto Politécnico Castelo Branco, CATAA.

Funding Entities: FEDER (POCTEP)


The project aims to encourage the launching of new products by agro-food SMEs, which respond to new market trends (natural products, with sustainable processes). Its specific objectives are: to design a new consulting model tailored to SMEs in the sector, creating easier and quicker adaptation of processes based on circular economy (EC) practices. Additionally it aims to create a model of international cooperation that will effectively implement the circularity principle. As a result of the good practices developed, a greater stimulus to eco-innovation is expected.

Study for the anticipation of the needs of qualifications in the region of Leiria

Member CARME: Ana Sofia Lopes

This project aims to support the process of concertation and planning for the provision of level 4 professional courses for the Leiria Region.

To this end, a diagnosis of mid-level qualification needs in this region will be developed, by using several statistical sources as well as surveys, interviews and workshops with the stakeholders, envisioned to identify the recent trends in demand and supply of qualifications and to anticipate the needs of qualifications from the point of view of employers.

Through the identification of qualification priorities and an offer adjusted to the needs, we intend to contribute to the economic development and employability of the region.

Duration: 8 months (2018-2019)

Partners: CIMRL (Intermunicipal community of the region of Leiria)

Project report available in: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.8/5028


Member CARME: Eduarda Fernandes.

The project aims to define and identify the different organizational models in agriculture and forestry at the commercialization level, focusing essentially on the European and national reality. The diagnosis of the Portuguese forestry sector is carried out considering the organization of the production and the joint management carried out by the different organizations selected for study. The elaboration of a manual of joint management is one output of the project, which will be based on the diagnostic done with the selected organizations. In addition, this manual also addresses the issues of forest products commercialization and the advantages of the commercialization organizations.

january 2019 – june 2020 (financed by PDR2020).

Partners: FENAFLORESTA; Associação Florestal do Concelho de Ansião; ANEFA; Fórum Florestal.

Care4Value | Enhancing value creation in long-term care units integrated in private welfare institutions

Responsible researcher: Ana Sargento

CARE4VALUE aims to develop and implement a model of management control information system, which maximizes value creation (defined as health outcomes per unity of cost) in long-term care providers. The model will be developed and tested on the basis of an intervention to be carried out in a long-term care unit, using a pilot project approach. The following innovative results are expected

– Integrated model of data collection, processing, analyzing, comparison and reporting, revealing the relation between costs and health outcomes

– Innovative, practice embedded and patient-centered tools to data collection (including a mobile application to collect caregivers’ data)

These results will support decision making by managers and practioners, aiming at organization’s quality, efficiency and sustainability

August 2017-September 2019 (Project co-financed by FCT and COMPETE2020; Ref.: POCI-01-0145-FEDER-23248).

Partners: Santa Casa da Misericórdia da Batalha, Instituto Politécnico de Santarém, Escola Superior de Enfermagem de Coimbra

More information and publications:

El cambio regulativo, normativo y cognitivo-cultural como promotor del emprendimiento internacional de la empresa española. Propuestas de adaptación e innovación institucional

Principal Investigator (PI) and leader institution of the project: Antonia Mercedes García Cabrera – Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria

CARME Member: Nuno Reis

Funding Entities: Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad (Government of SPAIN)

Description: The institutional environment is determinant for the companies’ international operations since it establishes the competitive environment companies are operating. The changes in the three major dimensions of the institutional environment (regulative, normative and cultural-cognitive dimensions – cf Scott, 1995) offer opportunities to companies (specifically to Spanish companies) in their international operations since they face an environment different from the domestic one. Thus, this project aims at understanding the role of institutional changes in Spanish companies’ international operations and to offer innovative proposals to adapt to the changing institutional environment.

Coastal Forest Recovery Program

Members: Eduarda Fernandes

This project involves a joint collaboration among several partners, aiming to: assess the effects of forest fires, promoting emergency stabilization, rehabilitation of burned forests, long-term recovery and public participation and awareness.

Partners: Instituto Superior de Agronomia (Universidade de Lisboa), Politécnico de Coimbra, Politécnico de Bragança, Universidade de Coimbra, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Universidade de Aveiro e Instituto Nacional de Investigação Agrária e Veterinária.


Local Action Plan for Urban Regeneration of Municipality of Batalha

Members: Ana Lopes, Ana Sargento e Eduarda Fernandes

This project aimed at the promotion of a sustainable urban environment and regeneration of the intervention areas of the historical center and riverside area of Vila da Batalha. The research team, in cooperation with the municipality of Batalha, collaborated in the planning of integrated and coherent objectives and actions, materialized through the public and private projects which were submitted to European Regional Development Fund financing program. The application received the approval of the the evaluating agency, resulting in the allocation of 2,7 million euros of ERDF to this municipality, which will partially support the development of the public and private projects approved.

(resulting publication available at http://hdl.handle.net/10400.8/2755)

jan2016 – jun2016

Partners: Município da Batalha

Ansião Strategic Plan for 2014-2020

Members: Ana Lopes, Ana Sargento e Eduarda Fernandes

The objective of this project consisted in the development of Ansião Strategic Plan for 2014-2020, using participatory decision-making techniques. The plan was elaborated with the participation, in all phases, of a group of stakeholders of Ansião, composed by 27 members from different areas of economic activity, and facilitated by the research team.

(resulting publication available at http://hdl.handle.net/10400.8/2767)

Sep2014 – Dec2015

Partners: Municipality of Ansião

Local Development Strategy fot Terras de Sicó, Local Action Group

Members: Ana Lopes, Ana Sargento, Eduarda Fernandes e Jacinta Moreira.

Fellow Researcher: Eduardo Lavrador

The project consisted in the elaboration of a local development strategy for the territory of Sicó (composed of six municipalities belonging to Leiria and Coimbra NUT III regions), as well as in the definition of the corresponding action and investment programs and the governance model. Community Based Local Development (CLLD) is one of the instruments for financing territorial development that is foreseen under the 2014-2020 European Funding framework, aiming to promote, in specific territories, local development and the diversification of the economies of rural and coastal areas as well as social innovation. The local development strategy served as the basis of Terras de Sicó application to CLLD instrument, under ERDF, having received the approval and resulting in the allocation of 4,5 million euros, which will support the development local entrepreneurship and social innovation projects.

(resulting publication available at https://iconline.ipleiria.pt/handle/10400.8/1463).

jun2014 – sep2015

Partners: Terras de Sicó – Associação de Desenvolvimento

Strategic Plan “Leiria, Região de Excelência”

Members: Ana Lopes, Ana Sargento e Eduarda Fernandes

The project consisted in the elaboration of a local development strategy for Leiria Region, in a close collaboration with the main regional partners

Partners: promoted by NERLEI – Associação Empresarial de Leiria, in partnership with IPLeiria, CIMPL – Comunidade Intermunicipal do Pinhal Litoral and ADLEI – Associação para o Desenvolvimento de Leiria. Financed by Programa Operacional Mais Centro

resulting publication available at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/320471867_Plano_Estrategico_-_Leiria_Regiao_de_Excelencia


EMSURE –  Energy and Mobility for Sustainable Regions

Members CARME: Ana Sargento 

Project led by University of Coimbra (https://www.uc.pt/en/efs/research/emsure)

The challenge of the project consists of developing models, methods and technologies to assist decision makers and companies in making the Portuguese Centro Region truly sustainable as far as energy and mobility are concerned.

Partners: University de Coimbra, ADAI, MARE, INESC.

Project co-financed by QREN (Program “Mais Centro”) and European Union (Fundo Europeu de Desenvolvimento Regional). Ref.: CENTRO-07-0224-FEDER-002004.


DEMOSPIN –  Economically Sustainable DEMOgraphy – ReverSing Decline in Peripheral RegIoNs

Membros CARME: Ana Sargento 

Project led by University of Aveiro (http://www.ua.pt/getin/InvestigCientifica_DEMOSPIN)

DEMOSPIN research project purpose was to develop a tool to support the definition of policy strategies concerning the development of demographically depressed regions. The methodology combined demographic projections techniques with growth and regional development models. The outputs allowed to develop and evaluate different scenarios for the population evolution in regions located in the interior of Portugal up to 2030, and to study potential options to revert the demographic decline of these areas..

Partners: University of Aveiro, University of Coimbra, University of Beira Interior, Polytechnic Institute of Castelo Branco.

Projeto co-financed by FEDER (COMPETE) and FCT – Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (Ref. PTDC/CS-DEM/100530/2008).